Background: The German cockroach has been reported to act as an allergen that might be associated with a protease reaction in asthma. However, the molecular identities of the antigens in German cockroach extract (GCE) with protease activity and the protease-activated receptors (PARs) that are activated by GCE in human airway epithelial cells have not been characterized. Objective: We investigated the direct effect of GCE on Ca2+ signaling in human airway epithelial cells and the type of PARs activated by GCE. Methods: The Ca2+-sensitive dye Fura2 was used to determine intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) by means of spectrofluorometry. Results: GCE induced a baseline type of [Ca 2+]i oscillations in a dose-dependent manner. The oscillations persisted for long periods of time In the absence of Ca 2+ entry across the plasma membrane, suggesting that the observed [Ca2+]i increases were due to Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. Accordingly, after depleting endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ with thapsigargin, an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase inhibitor, the GCE-mediated [Ca2+]i signals were abolished. Whereas desensitization of PAR-1, PAR-3, and PAR-4 had no effect on GCE-mediated Ca2+ mobilization, no GCE-mediated [Ca 2+]i increase was observed after desensitization of PAR-2. Conclusions: These results indicate that GCE has a direct effect on human airway epithelial cells, in particular generating [Ca2+]i oscillations through Ca2+ release from thapsigargin-sensitive Ca 2+ stores through activation of PAR-2.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grant No. R01-2002-000-00243-0 from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy