Here we demonstrate high-throughput gigapixel confocal imaging using a massively parallel optical probe array with single directional infinite scanning. For implementation of the single directional infinite scan with high lateral resolution, a parallelogram array micro-objective lens module, composed of two wafer-level microlens arrays, is proposed to generate a massively parallel optical probe array for integration into the confocal imaging system, including an objective-side telecentric relay lens with a low-magnification. To test the feasibility of the proposed system with single directional infinite scanning, we designed and constructed a confocal imaging system using a parallelogram array of multi-optical probes with a massively parallel array size of 200 × 140. The constructed system provides a full width-half maximum lateral resolution of 1.55 μm, as measured by the knife-edge detection method, and a field-of-view width of 28.0 mm with a sampling interval of 1 μm/pixel.
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