Ginseng berry extract contains plenty of ginsenosides showing anti-obesity and anti-hyperglycemic activities. Regarding that long-term intakes of herbal products to control metabolic disorders as popular alternatives have become popular, ginseng berry extract plus metformin is an attractive item for long-term glycemic control. Herein, we investigated the effect of ginseng berry extract (GBE) or its combination with metformin against obesity and hepatic steatosis in high-fat diet fed mice. GBE altered abnormal features (e.g. body weight, serum profiles, hepatic steatosis/inflammation and fat mass). Concomitantly, GBE increased mRNA levels of adiponectin and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein. All these changes were observed in metformin alone and GBE plus metformin. Moreover, in GBE plus metformin intake, GBE increased organic cation transporter-mediated metformin uptake in liver and mRNA of AMP-activated protein kinase together, which additively ameliorated obesity and hepatic steatosis. Therefore, GBE itself and GBE plus metformin could be useful to regulate metabolic disorders.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics