Glaucoma progression after delivery in patients with open-angle glaucoma who discontinued glaucoma medication during pregnancy

Duri Seo, Taekjune Lee, Joo Yeon Kim, Gong Je Seong, Wungrak Choi, Hyong Won Bae, Chan Yun Kim

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In this retrospective study, clinical characteristics and glaucoma progression of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients who discontinued intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering medication during pregnancy were investigated. Glaucoma progression was determined using either serial visual field tests or optic disc/retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) photographs. Age, number of previous pregnancies, diagnosis, average IOP, IOP fluctuation, visual field mean deviation, pattern standard deviation, and RNFL thickness were examined, and their association with glaucoma progression was determined using linear regression analysis. Among 67 eyes (37 patients), 19 eyes (28.4%) exhibited glaucoma progression 13.95 ± 2.42 months after delivery. The progression group showed significantly higher mean IOP than the nonprogression group in the first, second, and third trimesters (p = 0.02, 0.001, and 0.04, respectively). The average IOP in the second, and third trimesters and IOP fluctuation during the entire pregnancy were significantly associated with glaucoma progression according to a univariate analysis (p = 0.04, 0.031, and 0.026, respectively). In conclusion, IOP elevation during pregnancy is associated with glaucoma progression after delivery in patients who had discontinued medication during pregnancy. Therefore, close monitoring of glaucoma is necessary, particularly if patients discontinue medication during pregnancy, and appropriate intervention should be considered in case of increased IOP.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2190
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 2

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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