In this article, we examine whether and how the institutional context matters when understanding individuals’ giving to philanthropic organizations. We posit that both the individuals’ propensity to give and the amounts given are higher in countries with a stronger institutional context for philanthropy. We examine key factors of formal and informal institutional contexts for philanthropy at both the organizational and societal levels, including regulatory and legislative frameworks, professional standards, and social practices. Our results show that while aggregate levels of giving are higher in countries with stronger institutionalization, multilevel analyses of 118,788 individuals in 19 countries show limited support for the hypothesized relationships between institutional context and philanthropy. The findings suggest the need for better comparative data to understand the complex and dynamic influences of institutional contexts on charitable giving. This, in turn, would support the development of evidence-based practices and policies in the field of global philanthropy.
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The authors thank the anonymous reviewers and NVSQ editor Angela Bies for their feedback and suggestions which significantly contributed to this article. They would also like to thank all data authorities and data contributors for enabling the creation of the IIPD (2016), including SOEP, The Beautiful Foundation, COPPS-PSID (and especially Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm), CSGVP, IFLS, HBS, ENAFI, GINPS, CNCSNS, and TSCS. The authors especially thank Ge Jiang and Astrid de Jong for support with data management, and Jonathan Bergdoll, Jeroen Weesie, and Fengjing Zhang for their feedback on data management and analyses, and Omkar Katta for his editing skills. The authors thank all the experts who provided country-specific information in the case of missing values in the original sources, including Henri?tta Gr?nlund, Georg von Schnurbein, and Silvia Garcia, and the participants to the 2016 ISTR and 2017 ARNOVA conferences for valuable feedback. The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Pamala Wiepking was funded for her work in this paper by The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research grant VI 451-09-022 and by the SPP Do Good Institute?ARNOVA Global Philanthropy & Nonprofit Leadership Award. Her work at the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy is funded by the Stead Family, and her work at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam is funded by the Dutch Charity Lotteries. Femida Handy was funded for her work in this paper by the University of Pennsylvania?s PURM mentorship grant. Both authors are grateful for the support and funding received.
© The Author(s) 2021.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)