Global transverse energy distributions in relativistic nuclear collisions at 14.6A GeV/c

T. Abbott, Y. Akiba, D. Alburger, D. Beavis, L. Birstein, M. A. Bloomer, P. D. Bond, C. Chasman, Z. Chen, Y. Y. Chu, B. A. Cole, J. B. Costales, H. J. Crawford, J. B. Cumming, R. Debbe, E. Duek, J. Engelage, S. Y. Fung, L. Grodzins, S. Gushue & 44 others H. Hamagaki, O. Hansen, R. S. Hayano, S. Hayashi, S. Homma, H. Z. Huang, Y. Ikeda, I. Juricic, Ju Hwan Kang, S. Katcoff, S. Kaufman, K. Kimura, K. Kitamura, K. Kurita, R. J. Ledoux, M. J. LeVine, Y. Miake, R. J. Morse, B. Moskowitz, S. Nagamiya, J. Olness, C. G. Parsons, L. P. Remsberg, H. Sakurai, M. Sarabura, A. Shor, P. Stankus, S. G. Steadman, G. S.F. Stephans, T. Sugitate, M. Tanaka, M. J. Tannenbaum, M. Torikoshi, J. H. Van Dijk, F. Videbaek, M. Vient, P. Vincent, E. Vulgaris, V. Vutsadakis, W. A. Watson, H. E. Wegner, D. S. Woodruff, Y. D. Wu, W. Zajc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A systematic set of measurements of the global transverse energy distributions, d/dET and dET/d, from beams of protons, O16 and Si28 at 14.6A GeV/c, incident on targets ranging from Be to Au is presented. The detector was a semicircular array of lead-glass blocks, covering polar angles 9°<<32°, whose total response provides a good measure of the produced particle yield in the central rapidity region of these reactions. Proton-nucleus spectra exhibit a similar shape on the high-energy tail, independent of target, suggesting that produced particles in such events arise mostly from the first collision of the projectile proton. For targets heavier than Cu, the high-energy edges of the oxygen-nucleus spectra, and of the silicon-nucleus spectra, reach ratios consistent with the geometry of central collisions. Angular distributions, dET/d, are characterized by Gaussian fits, and an acceptance-independent form of the differential cross section is found, based on the maximum value of dET/d. The projectile dependence of nucleus-nucleus spectra is studied in terms of two very different models: simple energy scaling and the wounded projectile nucleon model of p+A convolutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2933-2951
Number of pages19
JournalPhysical Review C
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

Fingerprint

energy distribution
nuclei
collisions
projectiles
protons
convolution integrals
acceptability
energy
coverings
angular distribution
scaling
glass
detectors
cross sections
silicon
oxygen
geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Abbott, T., Akiba, Y., Alburger, D., Beavis, D., Birstein, L., Bloomer, M. A., ... Zajc, W. (1992). Global transverse energy distributions in relativistic nuclear collisions at 14.6A GeV/c. Physical Review C, 45(6), 2933-2951. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.45.2933
Abbott, T. ; Akiba, Y. ; Alburger, D. ; Beavis, D. ; Birstein, L. ; Bloomer, M. A. ; Bond, P. D. ; Chasman, C. ; Chen, Z. ; Chu, Y. Y. ; Cole, B. A. ; Costales, J. B. ; Crawford, H. J. ; Cumming, J. B. ; Debbe, R. ; Duek, E. ; Engelage, J. ; Fung, S. Y. ; Grodzins, L. ; Gushue, S. ; Hamagaki, H. ; Hansen, O. ; Hayano, R. S. ; Hayashi, S. ; Homma, S. ; Huang, H. Z. ; Ikeda, Y. ; Juricic, I. ; Kang, Ju Hwan ; Katcoff, S. ; Kaufman, S. ; Kimura, K. ; Kitamura, K. ; Kurita, K. ; Ledoux, R. J. ; LeVine, M. J. ; Miake, Y. ; Morse, R. J. ; Moskowitz, B. ; Nagamiya, S. ; Olness, J. ; Parsons, C. G. ; Remsberg, L. P. ; Sakurai, H. ; Sarabura, M. ; Shor, A. ; Stankus, P. ; Steadman, S. G. ; Stephans, G. S.F. ; Sugitate, T. ; Tanaka, M. ; Tannenbaum, M. J. ; Torikoshi, M. ; Van Dijk, J. H. ; Videbaek, F. ; Vient, M. ; Vincent, P. ; Vulgaris, E. ; Vutsadakis, V. ; Watson, W. A. ; Wegner, H. E. ; Woodruff, D. S. ; Wu, Y. D. ; Zajc, W. / Global transverse energy distributions in relativistic nuclear collisions at 14.6A GeV/c. In: Physical Review C. 1992 ; Vol. 45, No. 6. pp. 2933-2951.
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abstract = "A systematic set of measurements of the global transverse energy distributions, d/dET and dET/d, from beams of protons, O16 and Si28 at 14.6A GeV/c, incident on targets ranging from Be to Au is presented. The detector was a semicircular array of lead-glass blocks, covering polar angles 9°<<32°, whose total response provides a good measure of the produced particle yield in the central rapidity region of these reactions. Proton-nucleus spectra exhibit a similar shape on the high-energy tail, independent of target, suggesting that produced particles in such events arise mostly from the first collision of the projectile proton. For targets heavier than Cu, the high-energy edges of the oxygen-nucleus spectra, and of the silicon-nucleus spectra, reach ratios consistent with the geometry of central collisions. Angular distributions, dET/d, are characterized by Gaussian fits, and an acceptance-independent form of the differential cross section is found, based on the maximum value of dET/d. The projectile dependence of nucleus-nucleus spectra is studied in terms of two very different models: simple energy scaling and the wounded projectile nucleon model of p+A convolutions.",
author = "T. Abbott and Y. Akiba and D. Alburger and D. Beavis and L. Birstein and Bloomer, {M. A.} and Bond, {P. D.} and C. Chasman and Z. Chen and Chu, {Y. Y.} and Cole, {B. A.} and Costales, {J. B.} and Crawford, {H. J.} and Cumming, {J. B.} and R. Debbe and E. Duek and J. Engelage and Fung, {S. Y.} and L. Grodzins and S. Gushue and H. Hamagaki and O. Hansen and Hayano, {R. S.} and S. Hayashi and S. Homma and Huang, {H. Z.} and Y. Ikeda and I. Juricic and Kang, {Ju Hwan} and S. Katcoff and S. Kaufman and K. Kimura and K. Kitamura and K. Kurita and Ledoux, {R. J.} and LeVine, {M. J.} and Y. Miake and Morse, {R. J.} and B. Moskowitz and S. Nagamiya and J. Olness and Parsons, {C. G.} and Remsberg, {L. P.} and H. Sakurai and M. Sarabura and A. Shor and P. Stankus and Steadman, {S. G.} and Stephans, {G. S.F.} and T. Sugitate and M. Tanaka and Tannenbaum, {M. J.} and M. Torikoshi and {Van Dijk}, {J. H.} and F. Videbaek and M. Vient and P. Vincent and E. Vulgaris and V. Vutsadakis and Watson, {W. A.} and Wegner, {H. E.} and Woodruff, {D. S.} and Wu, {Y. D.} and W. Zajc",
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Abbott, T, Akiba, Y, Alburger, D, Beavis, D, Birstein, L, Bloomer, MA, Bond, PD, Chasman, C, Chen, Z, Chu, YY, Cole, BA, Costales, JB, Crawford, HJ, Cumming, JB, Debbe, R, Duek, E, Engelage, J, Fung, SY, Grodzins, L, Gushue, S, Hamagaki, H, Hansen, O, Hayano, RS, Hayashi, S, Homma, S, Huang, HZ, Ikeda, Y, Juricic, I, Kang, JH, Katcoff, S, Kaufman, S, Kimura, K, Kitamura, K, Kurita, K, Ledoux, RJ, LeVine, MJ, Miake, Y, Morse, RJ, Moskowitz, B, Nagamiya, S, Olness, J, Parsons, CG, Remsberg, LP, Sakurai, H, Sarabura, M, Shor, A, Stankus, P, Steadman, SG, Stephans, GSF, Sugitate, T, Tanaka, M, Tannenbaum, MJ, Torikoshi, M, Van Dijk, JH, Videbaek, F, Vient, M, Vincent, P, Vulgaris, E, Vutsadakis, V, Watson, WA, Wegner, HE, Woodruff, DS, Wu, YD & Zajc, W 1992, 'Global transverse energy distributions in relativistic nuclear collisions at 14.6A GeV/c', Physical Review C, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 2933-2951. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.45.2933

Global transverse energy distributions in relativistic nuclear collisions at 14.6A GeV/c. / Abbott, T.; Akiba, Y.; Alburger, D.; Beavis, D.; Birstein, L.; Bloomer, M. A.; Bond, P. D.; Chasman, C.; Chen, Z.; Chu, Y. Y.; Cole, B. A.; Costales, J. B.; Crawford, H. J.; Cumming, J. B.; Debbe, R.; Duek, E.; Engelage, J.; Fung, S. Y.; Grodzins, L.; Gushue, S.; Hamagaki, H.; Hansen, O.; Hayano, R. S.; Hayashi, S.; Homma, S.; Huang, H. Z.; Ikeda, Y.; Juricic, I.; Kang, Ju Hwan; Katcoff, S.; Kaufman, S.; Kimura, K.; Kitamura, K.; Kurita, K.; Ledoux, R. J.; LeVine, M. J.; Miake, Y.; Morse, R. J.; Moskowitz, B.; Nagamiya, S.; Olness, J.; Parsons, C. G.; Remsberg, L. P.; Sakurai, H.; Sarabura, M.; Shor, A.; Stankus, P.; Steadman, S. G.; Stephans, G. S.F.; Sugitate, T.; Tanaka, M.; Tannenbaum, M. J.; Torikoshi, M.; Van Dijk, J. H.; Videbaek, F.; Vient, M.; Vincent, P.; Vulgaris, E.; Vutsadakis, V.; Watson, W. A.; Wegner, H. E.; Woodruff, D. S.; Wu, Y. D.; Zajc, W.

In: Physical Review C, Vol. 45, No. 6, 01.01.1992, p. 2933-2951.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global transverse energy distributions in relativistic nuclear collisions at 14.6A GeV/c

AU - Abbott, T.

AU - Akiba, Y.

AU - Alburger, D.

AU - Beavis, D.

AU - Birstein, L.

AU - Bloomer, M. A.

AU - Bond, P. D.

AU - Chasman, C.

AU - Chen, Z.

AU - Chu, Y. Y.

AU - Cole, B. A.

AU - Costales, J. B.

AU - Crawford, H. J.

AU - Cumming, J. B.

AU - Debbe, R.

AU - Duek, E.

AU - Engelage, J.

AU - Fung, S. Y.

AU - Grodzins, L.

AU - Gushue, S.

AU - Hamagaki, H.

AU - Hansen, O.

AU - Hayano, R. S.

AU - Hayashi, S.

AU - Homma, S.

AU - Huang, H. Z.

AU - Ikeda, Y.

AU - Juricic, I.

AU - Kang, Ju Hwan

AU - Katcoff, S.

AU - Kaufman, S.

AU - Kimura, K.

AU - Kitamura, K.

AU - Kurita, K.

AU - Ledoux, R. J.

AU - LeVine, M. J.

AU - Miake, Y.

AU - Morse, R. J.

AU - Moskowitz, B.

AU - Nagamiya, S.

AU - Olness, J.

AU - Parsons, C. G.

AU - Remsberg, L. P.

AU - Sakurai, H.

AU - Sarabura, M.

AU - Shor, A.

AU - Stankus, P.

AU - Steadman, S. G.

AU - Stephans, G. S.F.

AU - Sugitate, T.

AU - Tanaka, M.

AU - Tannenbaum, M. J.

AU - Torikoshi, M.

AU - Van Dijk, J. H.

AU - Videbaek, F.

AU - Vient, M.

AU - Vincent, P.

AU - Vulgaris, E.

AU - Vutsadakis, V.

AU - Watson, W. A.

AU - Wegner, H. E.

AU - Woodruff, D. S.

AU - Wu, Y. D.

AU - Zajc, W.

PY - 1992/1/1

Y1 - 1992/1/1

N2 - A systematic set of measurements of the global transverse energy distributions, d/dET and dET/d, from beams of protons, O16 and Si28 at 14.6A GeV/c, incident on targets ranging from Be to Au is presented. The detector was a semicircular array of lead-glass blocks, covering polar angles 9°<<32°, whose total response provides a good measure of the produced particle yield in the central rapidity region of these reactions. Proton-nucleus spectra exhibit a similar shape on the high-energy tail, independent of target, suggesting that produced particles in such events arise mostly from the first collision of the projectile proton. For targets heavier than Cu, the high-energy edges of the oxygen-nucleus spectra, and of the silicon-nucleus spectra, reach ratios consistent with the geometry of central collisions. Angular distributions, dET/d, are characterized by Gaussian fits, and an acceptance-independent form of the differential cross section is found, based on the maximum value of dET/d. The projectile dependence of nucleus-nucleus spectra is studied in terms of two very different models: simple energy scaling and the wounded projectile nucleon model of p+A convolutions.

AB - A systematic set of measurements of the global transverse energy distributions, d/dET and dET/d, from beams of protons, O16 and Si28 at 14.6A GeV/c, incident on targets ranging from Be to Au is presented. The detector was a semicircular array of lead-glass blocks, covering polar angles 9°<<32°, whose total response provides a good measure of the produced particle yield in the central rapidity region of these reactions. Proton-nucleus spectra exhibit a similar shape on the high-energy tail, independent of target, suggesting that produced particles in such events arise mostly from the first collision of the projectile proton. For targets heavier than Cu, the high-energy edges of the oxygen-nucleus spectra, and of the silicon-nucleus spectra, reach ratios consistent with the geometry of central collisions. Angular distributions, dET/d, are characterized by Gaussian fits, and an acceptance-independent form of the differential cross section is found, based on the maximum value of dET/d. The projectile dependence of nucleus-nucleus spectra is studied in terms of two very different models: simple energy scaling and the wounded projectile nucleon model of p+A convolutions.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevC.45.2933

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevC.45.2933

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 2933

EP - 2951

JO - Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics

JF - Physical Review C - Nuclear Physics

SN - 0556-2813

IS - 6

ER -

Abbott T, Akiba Y, Alburger D, Beavis D, Birstein L, Bloomer MA et al. Global transverse energy distributions in relativistic nuclear collisions at 14.6A GeV/c. Physical Review C. 1992 Jan 1;45(6):2933-2951. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.45.2933