GPS antenna with metallic conical structure for anti-jamming applications

Yoon Ki Cho, Hee Do Kang, Se Young Hyun, Jong Gwan Yook

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents a cost effective and simple anti-jamming method for global positioning system (GPS) antennas in the GPS L1 (1.563-1.587 GHz) band. The proposed structure is composed of a metallic conical structure with a microstrip patch antenna, which is selected as the basic element. To overcome intentional jamming signals coming from low elevation angles, the structure is applied around the low profile patch antenna. It is found that the maximum anti-jamming performance is achieved when the lower diameter (l), height (h), and upper diameter (d) of the structure are 90, 190, and 380 mm, respectively. The experimental results show that the peak gain in the horizontal plane for the jamming signal decreases by about 6.2 dB from -6.16 to -12.36 dBic, while the peak gain in the vertical plane for the GPS signal increases by about 5.58 dB from 1.32 to 6.9 dBic. Moreover, it is shown that an improvement in the circular polarization (CP) characteristics is also obtained with the proposed structure. The measured fractional bandwidth is about 3.7% (1.561-1.62 GHz).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-259
Number of pages11
JournalProgress In Electromagnetics Research C
Volume37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 18

Fingerprint

Jamming
Global positioning system
Microstrip antennas
Antennas
Circular polarization
Bandwidth
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

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title = "GPS antenna with metallic conical structure for anti-jamming applications",
abstract = "This paper presents a cost effective and simple anti-jamming method for global positioning system (GPS) antennas in the GPS L1 (1.563-1.587 GHz) band. The proposed structure is composed of a metallic conical structure with a microstrip patch antenna, which is selected as the basic element. To overcome intentional jamming signals coming from low elevation angles, the structure is applied around the low profile patch antenna. It is found that the maximum anti-jamming performance is achieved when the lower diameter (l), height (h), and upper diameter (d) of the structure are 90, 190, and 380 mm, respectively. The experimental results show that the peak gain in the horizontal plane for the jamming signal decreases by about 6.2 dB from -6.16 to -12.36 dBic, while the peak gain in the vertical plane for the GPS signal increases by about 5.58 dB from 1.32 to 6.9 dBic. Moreover, it is shown that an improvement in the circular polarization (CP) characteristics is also obtained with the proposed structure. The measured fractional bandwidth is about 3.7{\%} (1.561-1.62 GHz).",
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GPS antenna with metallic conical structure for anti-jamming applications. / Cho, Yoon Ki; Kang, Hee Do; Hyun, Se Young; Yook, Jong Gwan.

In: Progress In Electromagnetics Research C, Vol. 37, 18.03.2013, p. 249-259.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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