Graphene nanosheets as a platform for the 2D ordering of metal oxide nanoparticles: Mesoporous 2D aggregate of anatase TiO 2 nanoparticles with improved electrode performance

Jang Mee Lee, In Young Kim, Song Yi Han, Tae Woo Kim, Seong Ju Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Graphene nanosheets are successfully applied as an effective platform for the 2D ordering of metal oxide nanoparticles. Mesoporous 2D aggregates of anatase TiO 2 nanoparticles are synthesized by the heat treatment of the uniformly hybridized nanocomposite of layered titanate-reduced graphene oxide (RGO) at elevated temperatures. The precursor layered titanate-RGO nanocomposite is prepared by self-assembly of anionic RGO nanosheets and cationic TiO 2 nanosols. The calcination of the as-prepared layered titanate-RGO nanocomposite at 500 °C induces a structural and morphological change of layered titanate nanoplates into anatase TiO 2 nanoparticles without significant modification of the RGO nanosheet. Increasing the heating temperature to 600 °C gives rise to elimination of the RGO component, leading to the formation of sheetlike porous aggregates of RGO-free TiO 2 nanoparticles. The nanocomposites calcined at 500-700 °C display promising functionality as negative electrodes for lithium ion batteries. Among the present calcined derivatives, the 2D sheet-shaped aggregate of TiO 2 nanoparticles obtained from calcination at 600 °C delivers the greatest specific discharge capacity with good capacity retention for all current density conditions applied. Such superior electrode performance of the nanocomposite calcined at 600 °C is attributable both to the improved stability of the crystal structure and crystal morphology of titania and to the enhancement of Li + ion transport through the enlargement of mesopores. The present findings clearly demonstrate the usefulness of RGO nanosheets as a platform for 2D-ordered superstructures of metal oxide nanoparticles with improved electrode performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13800-13809
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry


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