Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and c-Met have recently attracted a great deal of attention as prognostic indicators of patient outcome, and they are important in the control of tumor growth and invasion. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been shown to modulate multiple signal pathways in a manner that controls the unwanted proliferation and invasion of cells, thereby imparting cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of EGCG in inhibiting HGF-induced tumor growth and invasion of oral cancer in vitro and in vivo. We examined the effects of EGCG on HGF-induced cell proliferation, migration, invasion, induction of apoptosis and modulation of HGF/c-Met signaling pathway in the KB oral cancer cell line. We investigated the antitumor effect and inhibition of c-Met expression by EGCG in a syngeneic mouse model (C3H/HeJ mice, SCC VII/SF cell line). HGF promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion and induction of MMP (matrix metalloproteinase)-2 and MMP-9 in KB cells. EGCG significantly inhibited HGF-induced phosphorylation of Met and cell growth, invasion and expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. EGCG blocked HGF-induced phosphorylation of c-Met and that of the downstream kinases AKT and ERK, and inhibition of p-AKT and p-ERK by EGCG was associated with marked increases in the phosphorylation of p38, JNK, cleaved caspase-3 and poly-ADP-ribose polymerase. In C3H/HeJ syngeneic mice, as an in vivo model, tumor growth was suppressed and apoptosis was increased by EGCG. Our results suggest that EGCG may be a potential therapeutic agent to inhibit HGF-induced tumor growth and invasion in oral cancer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Clinical Biochemistry