Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and c-Met have recently attracted a great deal of attention as prognostic indicators of patient outcome, and they are important in the control of tumor growth and invasion. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been shown to modulate multiple signal pathways in a manner that controls the unwanted proliferation and invasion of cells, thereby imparting cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of EGCG in inhibiting HGF-induced tumor growth and invasion of oral cancer in vitro and in vivo. We examined the effects of EGCG on HGF-induced cell proliferation, migration, invasion, induction of apoptosis and modulation of HGF/c-Met signaling pathway in the KB oral cancer cell line. We investigated the antitumor effect and inhibition of c-Met expression by EGCG in a syngeneic mouse model (C3H/HeJ mice, SCC VII/SF cell line). HGF promoted cell proliferation, migration, invasion and induction of MMP (matrix metalloproteinase)-2 and MMP-9 in KB cells. EGCG significantly inhibited HGF-induced phosphorylation of Met and cell growth, invasion and expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9. EGCG blocked HGF-induced phosphorylation of c-Met and that of the downstream kinases AKT and ERK, and inhibition of p-AKT and p-ERK by EGCG was associated with marked increases in the phosphorylation of p38, JNK, cleaved caspase-3 and poly-ADP-ribose polymerase. In C3H/HeJ syngeneic mice, as an in vivo model, tumor growth was suppressed and apoptosis was increased by EGCG. Our results suggest that EGCG may be a potential therapeutic agent to inhibit HGF-induced tumor growth and invasion in oral cancer.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a faculty research grant from the Yonsei University College of Medicine ( 6-2007-0185 ) and CCRB through the GRRC project of the Gyeonggi Provincial Government, Republic of Korea. The language in this document has been checked by at least two professional editors, both native speakers of English. For a certificate, please see: http://www.textcheck.com/certificate/IuY2ur .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Clinical Biochemistry