The antidiabetic effects of green tea have been demonstrated in clinical trials and epidemiological studies. This study investigated the antidiabetic effects of green tea extract (GTE) and its underlying molecular mechanisms using a leptin receptor-deficient db/db mouse model (Leprdb/db). Treatment with GTE for 2 weeks improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in Leprdb/db mice. In addition, GTE treatment reduced the body weight and adiposity of Leprdb/db mice. Furthermore, GTE treatment reduced pro-inflammatory gene expression, including nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in white adipose tissue (WAT), and also reduced dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) expression levels in WAT as well as in the serum. The promoter region of Dpp4 contains the NF-κB binding site, and DPP4 was found to be a direct target of NF-κB. Consistently, in vitro treatment of cells with GTE or its main constituent epigallocatechin gallate reduced lipopolysaccharide-induced NF-κB/DPP4 expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and RAW264.7 cells. Overall, our data demonstrated that GTE exerts an anti-diabetic effect by regulating the expression levels of NF-κB and DPP4 in WAT.
|Journal||Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2023 Jan|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Molecular Biology
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Clinical Biochemistry