In this paper, optical mode characteristics of hollow optical fibers are thoroughly analyzed using finite element method. The guided modes along the ring core and cladding are identified and their optical properties are investigated. For the core modes, we investigated intensity distribution, higher order mode cutoff, propagation constant, and chromatic dispersion. The mode coupling between the fundamental mode and the excited modes in both core modes and cladding modes are discussed for applications in mode-coupling devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics