Background: Aging is a natural process that an organism gradually loses its physical fitness and functionality. Great efforts have been made to understand and intervene in this deteriorating process. The gut microbiota affects host physiology, and dysbiosis of the microbial community often underlies the pathogenesis of host disorders. The commensal microbiota also changes with aging; however, the interplay between the microbiota and host aging remains largely unexplored. Here, we systematically examined the ameliorating effects of the gut microbiota derived from the young on the physiology and phenotypes of the aged. Results: As the fecal microbiota was transplanted from young mice at 5 weeks after birth into 12-month-old ones, the thickness of the muscle fiber and grip strength were increased, and the water retention ability of the skin was enhanced with thickened stratum corneum. Muscle thickness was also marginally increased in 25-month-old mice after transferring the gut microbiota from the young. Bacteria enriched in 12-month-old mice that received the young-derived microbiota significantly correlated with the improved host fitness and altered gene expression. In the dermis of these mice, transcription of Dbn1 was most upregulated and DBN1-expressing cells increased twice. Dbn1-heterozygous mice exhibited impaired skin barrier function and hydration. Conclusions: We revealed that the young-derived gut microbiota rejuvenates the physical fitness of the aged by altering the microbial composition of the gut and gene expression in muscle and skin. Dbn1, for the first time, was found to be induced by the young microbiota and to modulate skin hydration. Our results provide solid evidence that the gut microbiota from the young improves the vitality of the aged. [MediaObject not available: see fulltext.].
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank In Kwon Chung and Young Jun Oh for helping with the discussions, Boyoung Lee and Lae-Guen Jang for their involvement in the project, Sung-Rae Cho for supplying the Grip-Strength Meter, Dae Youn Hwang for assisting with the passive avoidance test, Irin M. Kim for providing mouse illustrations, and ebiogen for the next-generation sequencing service.
© 2022, The Author(s).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)