A two-bed PSA purifier was developed to produce high purity hydrogen for fuel cell applications. Two types of hydrogen-rich mixtures produced from coal off-gas were used. Feed 1 consisted of a 99% H 2 mixture (H 2:CO:CO 2:N 2 = 99:0.1:0.05:0.85 vol.%) containing 0.1% CO while Feed 2 was a 95% H 2 mixture (H 2:CO:CO 2:CH 4:N 2 = 95:0.3:0.1:0.05:4.55 vol.%) containing 0.3% CO. An increase in the P/F ratio and adsorption pressure led to an almost linear decrease in H 2 recovery with increasing purity. However, a sharp drop in CO concentration occurred at a specific operating range in both feeds. The feed was purified to 1.1 ppm CO with 99.99+% H 2 purity and 80.0% recovery under 6.5 bar and 0.15 P/F ratio while CO in Feed 2 could be reduced to 6.7 ppm with 99.96% H 2 purity and 78.4% recovery. The PVSA process, which combined vacuum and purge steps, could improve recovery by about 10% compared to the PSA process.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by POSCO , the Korea Energy Management Corporation (KEMC) and the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE) ( 2011-8510020030 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology