Background: Iterative reconstruction can be helpful to reduce radiation dose while maintaining image quality. However, this technique has not been fully evaluated in children during abdominal CT. Objective: To compare objective and subjective image quality between half-dose images reconstructed with iterative reconstruction at iteration strength levels 1 to 5 (half-S1 to half-S5 studies) and full-dose images reconstructed with filtered back projection (full studies) in pediatric abdominal CT. Materials and methods: Twenty-one children (M:F = 13:8; mean age 8.2 ± 5.7 years) underwent dual-source abdominal CT (mean effective dose 4.8 ± 2.1 mSv). The objective image quality was evaluated as noise. Subjective image quality analysis was performed comparing each half study to the full study for noise, sharpness, artifact and diagnostic acceptability. Results: Both objective and subjective image noise decreased with increasing iteration strength. Half-S4 and -S5 studies showed objective image noise similar to or lower than that of full studies. The half-S2 and -S3 studies produced the greatest sharpness and the half-S5 studies were the worst from a blocky appearance. Full and half studies did not differ in artifacts. Half-S3 studies showed the best diagnostic acceptability.Conclusion: Half-S4 and -S5 studies objectively and half-S3 studies subjectively showed comparable image quality to full studies in pediatric abdominal CT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging