The sensitivity of mammalian cell lines to diphtheria toxin (DT) varies between species. Monkey (Mk) Vero cells are highly sensitive to DT, whereas rat and mouse (Ms) cells are resistant; hamster (Hm) cells display moderate DT sensitivity. The precursor of the Mk heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (proHB-EGF) functions as a DT receptor but the Ms proHB-EGF does not. In this study we have cloned, expressed, and characterized the Hm proHB-EGF/DT receptor. The expression of Hm proHB-EGF confers moderate DT sensitivity to normally DT-resistant mouse cells. The amino acid sequence of Hm preproHB-EGF shows that, overall, it more closely resembles the Ms preproHB-EGF sequence, except in the DT-binding region where it more closely resembles the Mk sequence. In the DT-binding region the Hm proHB-EGF sequence differs from the Mk proHB-EGF in only four amino acid residues (124, 126, 133, and 147); one of these residues, Ile133 in Mk proHB-EGF, has been previously reported to be important for DT binding and sensitivity. Analysis of Mk proHB-EGF mutants with residues substituted for Ile133 suggests that Asn133 in Hm proHB-EGF may be responsible for the moderate DT sensitivity of Hm proHB-EGF-expressing cells.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Jan 19|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology