Happier people show greater neural connectivity during negative self-referential processing

Eun Joo Kim, Sunghyon Kyeong, Sang Woo Cho, Ji Won Chun, Hae Jeong Park, Jihye Kim, Joohan Kim, Raymond J. Dolan, Jae-Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Life satisfaction is an essential component of subjective well-being and provides a fundamental resource for optimal everyday functioning. The goal of the present study was to examine how life satisfaction influences self-referential processing of emotionally valenced stimuli. Nineteen individuals with high life satisfaction (HLS) and 21 individuals with low life satisfaction (LLS) were scanned using functional MRI while performing a face-word relevance rating task, which consisted of 3 types of face stimuli (self, public other, and unfamiliar other) and 3 types of word stimuli (positive, negative, and neutral). We found a significant group x word valence interaction effect, most strikingly in the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex. In the positive word condition dorsal medial prefrontal cortex activity was significantly higher in the LLS group, whereas in the negative word condition it was significantly higher in the HLS group. The two groups showed distinct functional connectivity of the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex with emotional processing-related regions. The findings suggest that, in response to emotional stimuli, individuals with HLS may successfully recruit emotion regulation- related regions in contrast to individuals with LLS. The difference in functional connectivity during self-referential processing may lead to an influence of life satisfaction on responses to emotion-eliciting stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0149554
JournalPloS one
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 1

Fingerprint

emotions
Processing
Prefrontal Cortex
Emotions
prefrontal cortex
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Kim, Eun Joo ; Kyeong, Sunghyon ; Cho, Sang Woo ; Chun, Ji Won ; Park, Hae Jeong ; Kim, Jihye ; Kim, Joohan ; Dolan, Raymond J. ; Kim, Jae-Jin. / Happier people show greater neural connectivity during negative self-referential processing. In: PloS one. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 2.
@article{b512c0b6cfcf4e3c9b0d5d3742200b25,
title = "Happier people show greater neural connectivity during negative self-referential processing",
abstract = "Life satisfaction is an essential component of subjective well-being and provides a fundamental resource for optimal everyday functioning. The goal of the present study was to examine how life satisfaction influences self-referential processing of emotionally valenced stimuli. Nineteen individuals with high life satisfaction (HLS) and 21 individuals with low life satisfaction (LLS) were scanned using functional MRI while performing a face-word relevance rating task, which consisted of 3 types of face stimuli (self, public other, and unfamiliar other) and 3 types of word stimuli (positive, negative, and neutral). We found a significant group x word valence interaction effect, most strikingly in the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex. In the positive word condition dorsal medial prefrontal cortex activity was significantly higher in the LLS group, whereas in the negative word condition it was significantly higher in the HLS group. The two groups showed distinct functional connectivity of the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex with emotional processing-related regions. The findings suggest that, in response to emotional stimuli, individuals with HLS may successfully recruit emotion regulation- related regions in contrast to individuals with LLS. The difference in functional connectivity during self-referential processing may lead to an influence of life satisfaction on responses to emotion-eliciting stimuli.",
author = "Kim, {Eun Joo} and Sunghyon Kyeong and Cho, {Sang Woo} and Chun, {Ji Won} and Park, {Hae Jeong} and Jihye Kim and Joohan Kim and Dolan, {Raymond J.} and Jae-Jin Kim",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0149554",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",

}

Happier people show greater neural connectivity during negative self-referential processing. / Kim, Eun Joo; Kyeong, Sunghyon; Cho, Sang Woo; Chun, Ji Won; Park, Hae Jeong; Kim, Jihye; Kim, Joohan; Dolan, Raymond J.; Kim, Jae-Jin.

In: PloS one, Vol. 11, No. 2, e0149554, 01.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Happier people show greater neural connectivity during negative self-referential processing

AU - Kim, Eun Joo

AU - Kyeong, Sunghyon

AU - Cho, Sang Woo

AU - Chun, Ji Won

AU - Park, Hae Jeong

AU - Kim, Jihye

AU - Kim, Joohan

AU - Dolan, Raymond J.

AU - Kim, Jae-Jin

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - Life satisfaction is an essential component of subjective well-being and provides a fundamental resource for optimal everyday functioning. The goal of the present study was to examine how life satisfaction influences self-referential processing of emotionally valenced stimuli. Nineteen individuals with high life satisfaction (HLS) and 21 individuals with low life satisfaction (LLS) were scanned using functional MRI while performing a face-word relevance rating task, which consisted of 3 types of face stimuli (self, public other, and unfamiliar other) and 3 types of word stimuli (positive, negative, and neutral). We found a significant group x word valence interaction effect, most strikingly in the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex. In the positive word condition dorsal medial prefrontal cortex activity was significantly higher in the LLS group, whereas in the negative word condition it was significantly higher in the HLS group. The two groups showed distinct functional connectivity of the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex with emotional processing-related regions. The findings suggest that, in response to emotional stimuli, individuals with HLS may successfully recruit emotion regulation- related regions in contrast to individuals with LLS. The difference in functional connectivity during self-referential processing may lead to an influence of life satisfaction on responses to emotion-eliciting stimuli.

AB - Life satisfaction is an essential component of subjective well-being and provides a fundamental resource for optimal everyday functioning. The goal of the present study was to examine how life satisfaction influences self-referential processing of emotionally valenced stimuli. Nineteen individuals with high life satisfaction (HLS) and 21 individuals with low life satisfaction (LLS) were scanned using functional MRI while performing a face-word relevance rating task, which consisted of 3 types of face stimuli (self, public other, and unfamiliar other) and 3 types of word stimuli (positive, negative, and neutral). We found a significant group x word valence interaction effect, most strikingly in the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex. In the positive word condition dorsal medial prefrontal cortex activity was significantly higher in the LLS group, whereas in the negative word condition it was significantly higher in the HLS group. The two groups showed distinct functional connectivity of the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex with emotional processing-related regions. The findings suggest that, in response to emotional stimuli, individuals with HLS may successfully recruit emotion regulation- related regions in contrast to individuals with LLS. The difference in functional connectivity during self-referential processing may lead to an influence of life satisfaction on responses to emotion-eliciting stimuli.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960912925&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84960912925&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0149554

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0149554

M3 - Article

VL - 11

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 2

M1 - e0149554

ER -