Although adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have hair regenerative potential, their hair inductive capabilities are limited. The mitogenic and hair inductive effects of heparin binding-epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) on ASCs were investigated in this study and the underlying mechanism of stimulation was examined. Cell growth, migration, and self-renewal assays, as well as quantitative polymerase chain reactions and immunostaining, were carried out. Telogen-to-anagen transition and organ culture using vibrissa follicles were also conducted. HB-EGF significantly increased ASC motility, including cell proliferation, migration, and self-renewal activity. The preconditioning of ASCs with HB-EGF induced telogen-to-anagen transition more rapidly in vivo, and injected PKH26-ASCs survived for longer periods of time. Conditioned medium obtained from HB-EGF-treated ASCs promoted hair growth in vivo, upregulating growth factors. In particular, thrombopoietin (THPO) also induced hair growth in vivo, stimulating dermal papilla cells (DPCs). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) appeared to play a key role in ASC stimulation as the inhibition of ROS generation and NOX4 knockout attenuated ASC stimulation and THPO upregulation by HB-EGF. In addition, the Hck phosphorylation pathway mediated the stimulation of ASCs by HB-EGF. In summary, HB-EGF increased the motility and paracrine effects of ASCs releasing THPO growth factor and THPO promoted hair growth-stimulating DPCs. ROS generation and Hck phosphorylation are key factors in HB-EGF-induced ASC stimulation. Therefore, combination therapy involving HB-EGF and ASCs may provide a novel solution for hair-loss treatment.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: TIPS (Tech incubator program for startup) program (S2591627) funded by the Korean government. NRF (National Research Foundation of Korea)-2018R1A6A1A03023718 funded the Korean government.
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry