Healing of surgically created circumferential gap around non-submerged-type implants in dogs: A histomorphometric study

Ui Won Jung, Chang Sung Kim, Seong Ho Choi, Kyoo Sung Cho, Takashi Inoue, Chong Kwan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the healing of surgically created circumferential gaps around non-submerged-type implants according to varying size and healing periods in dogs. Material and methods: In four mongrel dogs, all mandible premolars were extracted and after an 8-week healing period, non-submerged-type implants were placed. Circumferential coronal defects around the implants were performed surgically with a customized tapered step drill. Groups were divided according to the width of the coronal gaps: 1, 1.5, or 2 mm. First the right side of the mandible was prepared, and after 8 weeks, the left side was prepared. The dogs were sacrificed following an 8-week healing period. Specimens were analyzed histologically and histomorphometrically. Results: As the size of the coronal gap increased, the unfilled area tended to be greater. In terms of bone-to-implant contact and bone density, both the 1 and 1.5 mm groups showed a larger percentage of coronal defect than the apical side, while the 2 mm group showed contrary results in the 8-week groups. The general histologic features in the 16-week groups were similar to the findings of 8-week groups but were more matured, with a higher percentage of lamellar bone. A certain amount of bone filling and osseointegration was observed in the defects of all the groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the remaining defect, small enough to be clinically neglected, irrespective of gap size within 2 mm, does not need any kind of regenerating procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-178
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 1

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Dogs
Mandible
Bone and Bones
Osseointegration
Mandrillus
Bicuspid
Bone Density

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery

Cite this

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title = "Healing of surgically created circumferential gap around non-submerged-type implants in dogs: A histomorphometric study",
abstract = "Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the healing of surgically created circumferential gaps around non-submerged-type implants according to varying size and healing periods in dogs. Material and methods: In four mongrel dogs, all mandible premolars were extracted and after an 8-week healing period, non-submerged-type implants were placed. Circumferential coronal defects around the implants were performed surgically with a customized tapered step drill. Groups were divided according to the width of the coronal gaps: 1, 1.5, or 2 mm. First the right side of the mandible was prepared, and after 8 weeks, the left side was prepared. The dogs were sacrificed following an 8-week healing period. Specimens were analyzed histologically and histomorphometrically. Results: As the size of the coronal gap increased, the unfilled area tended to be greater. In terms of bone-to-implant contact and bone density, both the 1 and 1.5 mm groups showed a larger percentage of coronal defect than the apical side, while the 2 mm group showed contrary results in the 8-week groups. The general histologic features in the 16-week groups were similar to the findings of 8-week groups but were more matured, with a higher percentage of lamellar bone. A certain amount of bone filling and osseointegration was observed in the defects of all the groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the remaining defect, small enough to be clinically neglected, irrespective of gap size within 2 mm, does not need any kind of regenerating procedures.",
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Healing of surgically created circumferential gap around non-submerged-type implants in dogs : A histomorphometric study. / Jung, Ui Won; Kim, Chang Sung; Choi, Seong Ho; Cho, Kyoo Sung; Inoue, Takashi; Kim, Chong Kwan.

In: Clinical Oral Implants Research, Vol. 18, No. 2, 01.04.2007, p. 171-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Healing of surgically created circumferential gap around non-submerged-type implants in dogs

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AU - Kim, Chang Sung

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AU - Cho, Kyoo Sung

AU - Inoue, Takashi

AU - Kim, Chong Kwan

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