The 20th National Assembly of Korea was called to order on April 13, 2016. The National Assembly is invested with the authority to play a significant role in influencing healthcare policy. There are many pending issues in healthcare policy that the Assembly needs to address in this term. The low fertility rate and population aging that Korea faces can exert a major impact on the healthcare system, as aging will lead to an expansion of non-communicable diseases, which can place a high burden on society. This requires strengthening the social security system, including National Health Insurance. A paradigm shift is necessary, in which healthcare providers are organized in the National Health Insurance using approaches such as the Accountable Care Organization (ACO) and Patient- Centered Medical Home (PCMH), and people are offered choices similar to the US Medicare Advantage Program. Additionally, it is essential that healthcare accessibility is enhanced by covering catastrophic medical costs and guaranteeing patient safety through quality improvement so that healthcare costs are kept within an affordable range. Therefore, the 20th National Assembly must overcome differences in ideology to improve the healthcare system with the aim of promoting national health.
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