Heart failure and atrial fibrillation: tachycardia-mediated acute decompensation

Jin Joo Park, Hae Young Lee, Kye Hun Kim, Byung Su Yoo, Seok Min Kang, Sang Hong Baek, Eun Seok Jeon, Jae Joong Kim, Myeong Chan Cho, Shung Chull Chae, Byung Hee Oh, Dong Ju Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: Tachycardia is a reversible event that may cause hemodynamic decompensation but may not necessarily cause direct damages to the myocardium. To evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF), whose acute decompensation was tachycardia mediated. Methods and results: The Korean Acute Heart Failure registry was a prospective registry that consecutively enrolled 5625 patients with acute HF. Patients were classified into three groups according to the rhythm and aggravating factor: (i) 3664 (65.1%) patients with sinus rhythm (SR), (ii) 1033 (18.4%) patients with AF whose decompensation was tachycardia-mediated, AF-TM (+), and (iii) N = 928 (16.5%) patients with AF whose decompensation was not tachycardia-mediated, AF-TM (−). The primary outcomes were in-hospital and post-discharge 1 year all-cause mortality. At admission, the mean heart rate was 90.8 ± 23.4, 86.8 ± 26.8, and 106.3 ± 29.7 beats per minute for the SR, AF-TM (−), and AF-TM (+) groups, respectively. The AF-TM (+) group had more favourable characteristics such as de novo onset HF, less diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, and higher blood pressure than the AF-TM (−) group. In-hospital mortality rates were 5.1%, 6.5%, and 1.7% for SR, AF-TM (−), and AF-TM (+) groups, respectively. In logistic regression analysis, the AF-TM (+) group had lower in-hospital mortality after adjusting the significant covariates (odds ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval, 0.26–0.93). The mortality rate did not differ between SR and AF-TM (−) groups. During 1 year follow-up, 990 (18.5%) patients died. In univariate and multivariate Cox proportional regression analyses, there was no difference in 1-year all-cause mortality between the three groups. Conclusions: In patients with HF and AF, patients whose acute decompensation is tachycardia-mediated have better in-hospital, but similar post-discharge outcomes compared with those with SR or those with AF whose decompensation is not tachycardia-mediated. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrial.gov NCT01389843.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2816-2825
Number of pages10
JournalESC Heart Failure
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Research of Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010‐E63003‐00, 2011‐E63002‐00, 2012‐E63005‐00, 2013‐E63003‐00, 2013‐E63003‐01, 2013‐E63003‐02, and 2016‐ER6303‐00) and by the SNUBH Research Fund (Grant 14‐2015‐029 and 16‐2017‐003).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. ESC Heart Failure published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Society of Cardiology.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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