Heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) is a molecular chaperone responsible for protein folding and maturation in vivo. Interaction of hsp90 with human glutamyl-prolyl-tRNA synthetase (EPRS) was found by genetic screening, co-immunoprecipitation, and in vitro binding experiments. This interaction was sensitive to the hsp90 inhibitor, geldanamycin, and also ATP, suggesting thai the chaperone activity of hsp90 is required for interaction with EPRS. Interaction of EPRS with hsp90 was targeted to the region of three tandem repeats linking the two catalytic domains of EPRS that is also responsible for the interaction with isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IRS). Interaction of EPRS and IRS also depended on the activity of hsp90, implying that their association was mediated by hsp90. EPRS and IRS form a macromolecular protein complex with at least six other tRNA synthetases and three cofactors, hsp90 preferentially binds to most of the complex-forming enzymes rather than those that are not found in the complex. In addition, inactivation of hsp90 interfered with the in vivo incorporation of the nascent aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases into the multi-ARS complex. Thus, hsp90 appears to mediate protein-protein interactions of mammalian tRNA synthetases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology