Heavy dust obscuration of z = 7 galaxies in a cosmological hydrodynamic simulation

Taysun Kimm, Renyue Cen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hubble Space Telescope observations with the Wide Field Camera 3/Infrared reveal that galaxies at z ∼ 7 have very blue ultraviolet (UV) colors, consistent with these systems being dominated by young stellar populations with moderate or little attenuation by dust. We investigate UV and optical properties of the high-z galaxies in the standard cold dark matter model using a high-resolution adaptive mesh refinement cosmological hydrodynamic simulation. For this purpose, we perform panchromatic three-dimensional dust radiative transfer calculations on 198 galaxies of stellar mass 5 × 108-3 × 1010 MO with three parameters: the dust-to-metal ratio, the extinction curve, and the fraction of directly escaped light from stars (fesc). Our stellar mass function is found to be in broad agreement with Gonzalez et al., independent of these parameters. We find that our heavily dust-attenuated galaxies (AV ∼ 1.8) can also reasonably match modest UV-optical colors, blue UV slopes, as well as UV luminosity functions, provided that a significant fraction (∼10%) of light directly escapes from them. The observed UV slope and scatter are better explained with a Small-Magellanic-Cloud-type extinction curve, whereas a Milky-Way-type curve also predicts blue UV colors due to the 2175 bump. We expect that upcoming observations by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array will be able to test this heavily obscured model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume776
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 10

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occultation
dust
hydrodynamics
galaxies
stellar mass
color
simulation
extinction
curves
slopes
young population
Magellanic clouds
Hubble Space Telescope
optical property
radiative transfer
escape
dark matter
attenuation
cameras
luminosity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

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abstract = "Hubble Space Telescope observations with the Wide Field Camera 3/Infrared reveal that galaxies at z ∼ 7 have very blue ultraviolet (UV) colors, consistent with these systems being dominated by young stellar populations with moderate or little attenuation by dust. We investigate UV and optical properties of the high-z galaxies in the standard cold dark matter model using a high-resolution adaptive mesh refinement cosmological hydrodynamic simulation. For this purpose, we perform panchromatic three-dimensional dust radiative transfer calculations on 198 galaxies of stellar mass 5 × 108-3 × 1010 MO with three parameters: the dust-to-metal ratio, the extinction curve, and the fraction of directly escaped light from stars (fesc). Our stellar mass function is found to be in broad agreement with Gonzalez et al., independent of these parameters. We find that our heavily dust-attenuated galaxies (AV ∼ 1.8) can also reasonably match modest UV-optical colors, blue UV slopes, as well as UV luminosity functions, provided that a significant fraction (∼10{\%}) of light directly escapes from them. The observed UV slope and scatter are better explained with a Small-Magellanic-Cloud-type extinction curve, whereas a Milky-Way-type curve also predicts blue UV colors due to the 2175 bump. We expect that upcoming observations by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array will be able to test this heavily obscured model.",
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Heavy dust obscuration of z = 7 galaxies in a cosmological hydrodynamic simulation. / Kimm, Taysun; Cen, Renyue.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 776, No. 1, 35, 10.10.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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