Objective. To investigate the patterns of hepatic involvement and the outcome of patients with hepatic metastases from carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Methods. Of 1665 patients with carcinoma of the uterine cervix, 20 patients with hepatic metastases were detected clinically during the course of the disease. Clinical presentation and detailed patterns of hepatic involvement were retrospectively reviewed for these patients. Comparative analysis between patterns of hepatic metastases and survival data was also undertaken. Results. Hepatic metastasis from carcinoma of the uterine cervix were nearly always accompanied by uncontrolled locoregional diseases and/or extrahepatic metastases, whereas only I patient developed an isolated hepatic metastasis. Ninety percent of the hepatic metastases were metachronously detected. The median time from the appearance of primary carcinoma to detection of hepatic metastases was 39 months, but late metastases after 5 years were not uncommon. Metastatic lesion in 16 patients consisted of multiple tumors distributed in either one or both anatomical lobes, whereas only 4 patients had a solitary lesion confined to a single lobe. Patients with hepatic metastases were unlikely to survive 2 years with a median survival of 10 months. Conclusion. Favorable patterns of hepatic metastases in patient with carcinoma of the uterine cervix were not major determinants of favorable survival if components of extrahepatic disease were concomitantly present.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology