Hepatitis B virus polymerase suppresses translation of pregenomic RNA via a mechanism involving its interaction with 5′ stem-loop structure

Dong Kyun Ryu, Seahee Kim, Wang Shick Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pregenomic RNA (pgRNA) of hepadnaviruses serves a dual role: as mRNA for the core (C) and polymerase (P) synthesis and as an RNA template for viral genome replication. A question arises as to how these two roles are regulated. We hypothesized that the P protein could suppress translation of the pgRNA via its interaction with 5′ stem-loop structure (ε or encapsidation signal). Consistent with the hypothesis, we observed up-regulation of the C protein level in the absence of the P protein expression in a physiological context. Importantly, translational suppression depended on the 5′ ε sequence. Furthermore, the impact of the P protein on ongoing translation of the C ORF was directly demonstrated by polysome distribution analysis. We conclude that the P protein suppresses translation of the pgRNA via a mechanism involving its interaction with the 5′ ε sequence, a finding that implicates the coordinated switch from translation to genome replication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-123
Number of pages12
JournalVirology
Volume373
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 30

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology

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