HER2 regulates cancer stem cell activities via the wnt signaling pathway in gastric cancer cells

Da Hyun Jung, Yoo Jin Bae, Jie Hyun Kim, You Keun Shin, Hei Cheul Jeung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) gene overexpression in breast carcinoma cell lines has been shown to drive mammary carcinogenesis and tumor growth and invasion through its effects on mammary stem cells. Objective: Therefore, we investigated the mechanism by which HER2 regulates cancer stem cell (CSC) activity in gastric cancer cells. Methods: HER2 was transfected into MKN28 gastric cancer cells, and its role in regulating CSC activity was determined by characterizing the HER2-overexpressing cells. Results: The sphere formation assay revealed that the sphere sizes and frequency of sphere formation were significantly greater for the HER2-overexpressing cells than for the MKN28 control cells. The CSC markers Oct-4 and BMI1 were more highly expressed in the HER2-overexpressing cells, as were the EMT markers. This was accompanied by a significant enhancement in cellular invasion of the Matrigel and migration. The E-cadherin level was significantly downregulated, and the mesenchymal marker Snail upregulated, in the HER2-transfected cells. HER2 overexpression activated the well-characterized CSC-associated Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, as shown by the luciferase assay. After treatment of these cells with the Wnt signal inhibitor PRI-724, the BMI1 and Oct-4 levels were decreased for 24 h and Snail was also downregulated. Immunofluorescence staining revealed the significant restoration of E-cadherin levels in the HER2-transfected cells after PRI-724 treatment. Conclusions: These results established a role for HER2 in regulating gastric CSC activity, with Wnt/β-catenin signaling being mediated via a HER2-dependent pathway. In summary, HER2-overexpressing gastric cancer cells exhibited increased stemness and invasiveness and were regulated by Wnt/β-catenin signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-318
Number of pages8
JournalOncology (Switzerland)
Volume97
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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