HER2/ERBB2 status is used to select patients for HER2-targeted therapy. HER2/ERBB2 amplification/overexpression of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) adenocarcinomas was determined locally or in two central laboratories to select patients for the TRIO-013/ LOGiC trial of chemotherapy with or without lapatinib. Patients selected locally had central laboratory confirmation of HER2 amplification for inclusion in the primary efficacy population. HER2 was assessed with PathVysion or IQ PharmDx FISH and HercepTest immunohistochemistry assays. Associations with outcomes were retrospectively evaluated. Overall, HER2 status was determined in UGI cancers from 4,674 patients in a central laboratory for eligibility (1,995 cases) and for confirmation of local HER2 results (333 cases). Of 1,995 adenocarcinomas screened centrally, 322 (16.1%) had HER2-amplified disease with 29 (1.5%) showing HER2 genomic heterogeneity. Men and older patients had higher rates of amplification. Of 545 patients accrued to the trial (gastric, 87.3%; GEJ, 8.3% and esophageal cancer, 4.4%), 487 patients (89%) were centrally confirmed as having HER2-amplified disease. Concordance between central and local HER2 testing was 83%. Concordance between PathVysion and IQ PharmDx FISH assays was 99% and FISH in the two central laboratories was 95%. Lapatinib-treated Asian participants and those less than 60 years had significant improvement in progression-free survival (PFS), particularly among those whose cancers had 5.01-10.0 and >10.0-fold amplification of HER2. In conclusion, HER2 is commonly amplified in UGI adenocarcinomas with amplification highly correlated to overexpression, and HER2 amplification levels correlated with PFS. While HER2 genomic heterogeneity occurs, its prevalence is low.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research