We demonstrate energy-conversion-efficiency (η) enhancement of silicon (Si) solar cells by the heterogeneous integration of an InxGa 1-xAs nanowire (NW) array on the rear surface. The NWs are grown via a catalyst-free, self-assembled method on Si(111) substrates using metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). Heavily p-doped InxGa 1-xAs (x ≈ 0.7) NW arrays are utilized as not only back-reflectors but also low bandgap rear-point-contacts of the Si solar cells. External quantum efficiency of the hybrid InxGa1-xAs NW-Si solar cell is increased over the entire solar response wavelength range; and η is enhanced by 36% in comparison to Si solar cells processed under the same condition without the NWs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)