We evaluated the incidence of heterotopic ossification following total ankle replacement to determine whether the degree of ossification was associated with the clinical outcome. We evaluated 90 ankles in 81 consecutive patients who underwent total ankle replacement, and heterotopic ossification was assessed according to proportional involvement of the ankle joint. Correlation analysis was used to investigate the association between heterotopic ossification and outcome. No significant association was found between the formation of heterotopic ossification and the clinical outcome. The degree of heterotopic ossification in the posterior ankle joint was not significantly correlated with posterior ankle pain (p = 0.929), the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society score (p = 0.454) or range of movement (p = 0.283). This study indicates that caution should be observed in attributing symptoms and functional limitation to the presence of heterotopic ossification in the posterior ankle joint when considering excision of heterotopic bone after total ankle replacement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine