A novel spectrally efficient optical transmission in a passive optical network (PON) with hexagonal quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM)-based adaptive modulated optical (AMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. With the help of hexagonal QAM and 4-dimensional (4D) modulation, adaptive bit loading is effectively processed to enhance the total data rate. In this approach, some subcarriers are aggregated to transmit integer bits. To employ hexagonal QAM-based 4D AMO-OFDM, the signal to noise (SNR) ratio is calculated using the measured error vector magnitude of the training signal. In our experiment, hexagonal QAM-based 4D AMO-OFDM transmission with a total data rate of 21 Gbps is demonstrated over a 20 km standard single mode fiber for two optical network units (ONUs). The experimental results show that the total data rate obtained using the proposed method is increased by 14% compared to the conventional square QAM-based AMO-OFDM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)