Hexagonal QAM-Based Four-Dimensional AMO-OFDM for Spectrally Efficient Optical Access Network Transmission

Hyoung Joon Park, Soo Min Kang, Inho Ha, Sang Kook Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


A novel spectrally efficient optical transmission in a passive optical network (PON) with hexagonal quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM)-based adaptive modulated optical (AMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. With the help of hexagonal QAM and 4-dimensional (4D) modulation, adaptive bit loading is effectively processed to enhance the total data rate. In this approach, some subcarriers are aggregated to transmit integer bits. To employ hexagonal QAM-based 4D AMO-OFDM, the signal to noise (SNR) ratio is calculated using the measured error vector magnitude of the training signal. In our experiment, hexagonal QAM-based 4D AMO-OFDM transmission with a total data rate of 21 Gbps is demonstrated over a 20 km standard single mode fiber for two optical network units (ONUs). The experimental results show that the total data rate obtained using the proposed method is increased by 14% compared to the conventional square QAM-based AMO-OFDM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8924717
Pages (from-to)176814-176819
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea Government, Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), under Grant 2019R1A2C3007934.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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