The nucleation-growth-passivation Brust reaction has been modified so as to enrich the product in useful quantities of a 38-atom gold nanoparticle coated with a hexanethiolate monolayer. Two modifications are described, using -78°C reduction temperature and a hyperexcess of thiol. Compositional evidence is presented that establishes the product as a Au 38(C6) 24 hexanethiolate monolayer protected cluster (MPC), based on transmission electron microscopy, laser ionization-desorption mass spectrometry, thermogravimetric analysis, and elemental analysis. Reverse phase HPLC confirms the relatively good monodispersity of the MPC products, but high-resolution double-column HPLC reveals that the MPCs are a mixture of closely related but chromatographically distinct products. Voltammetry, low energy spectrophotometry, and spectroelectrochemistry reveal, respectively, a 1.6 eV electrochemical energy gap between the first oxidation and the first reduction, an optical HOMO-LUMO energy absorbance edge at 1.3 eV, and a bleaching of optical absorbance near the 1.3 eV band edge that accompanies electrochemical oxidation of the nanoparticle.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces