Nanostructuring is a universal strategy to improve the figure of merit (zT) of thermoelectric (TE) materials by the substantial decrease of lattice thermal conductivity due to the intensive scattering of phonons at interfaces. However, nanostructured bismuth antimony telluride alloys with foreign nanosized phases usually suffer from the degradation of carrier mobility at incoherent interfaces. The results reported here describe an approach to generate intrinsic Sb-rich precipitates that have a synchronal effect on micro-grained Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 alloy. The designed formation of nanosized Sb-rich precipitates by dissolving excess Pb into Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 matrix intensifies the phonon scattering and modulates the carrier transport simultaneously. By employing density functional theory calculation, transmission electron microscope and atom probe tomography, the role of Pb substituting for Sb site on the evolution of Sb-rich nanophase is clarified and the compositions and crystal structures of the precipitated Sb-rich phases are analyzed, revealing various interface structures. The optimized Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 + 0.22 wt.% Pb sample shows a maximum zT value of 1.32 at 400 K with an outstanding average zT value of 1.2 over 300 K to 500 K. This work identifies the hidden role of intrinsic Sb-rich precipitates in Bi0.5Sb1.5Te3 alloys and provides an effective way beyond nanostructuring to develop high-performance bismuth antimony telluride thermoelectric alloys.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by SKKU Excellence in Research Award Research Fund, Sungkyunkwan University, 2020.
© 2021 Acta Materialia Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys