Hierarchical double-shell nanostructures of TiO2 nanosheets on SnO2 hollow spheres for high-efficiency, solid-state, dye-sensitized solar cells

Sung Hoon Ahn, Dong Jun Kim, Won Seok Chi, Jong Hak Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

69 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A high-energy conversion efficiency of 8.2% at 100 mW cm-2 is reported, one of the highest values for N719-based, solid-state, dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSSCs). The solar cells are based on hierarchical double-shell nanostructures consisting of inner SnO2 hollow spheres (SHS) surrounded by outer TiO2 nanosheets (TNSs). Deposition of the TNS on the SHS outer surface is performed via solvothermal reactions in order to generate a double-shell SHS@TNS nanostructure that provides a large surface area and suppresses recombination of photogenerated electrons. An organized mesoporous (OM)-TiO2 film with high porosity, large pores, and good interconnectivity is also prepared via a sol-gel process using a poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) graft copolymer template. This film is utilized as a matrix to disperse the double-shell nanostructures. Such nanostructures provide good pore-filling for solid polymer electrolytes, faster electron transfer, and enhanced light scattering, as confirmed by reflectance spectroscopy, incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE), and intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy (IMPS)/intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy (IMVS). Hierarchical double-shell nanostructures consisting of TiO2 nanosheets on SnO 2 hollow spheres are prepared to provide large surface area, excellent electron transport, and improved light scattering. The resulting solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells show enhanced efficiency up to 8.2% at 100 mW cm-2, one of the highest values observed for N719 dye.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5037-5044
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume24
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 27

Fingerprint

Nanosheets
hollow
Nanostructures
solar cells
dyes
solid state
porosity
Spectroscopy
light scattering
Light scattering
Conversion efficiency
Electrons
spectroscopy
electrons
energy conversion efficiency
photovoltages
sol-gel processes
Graft copolymers
photocurrents
copolymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Hierarchical double-shell nanostructures of TiO2 nanosheets on SnO2 hollow spheres for high-efficiency, solid-state, dye-sensitized solar cells",
abstract = "A high-energy conversion efficiency of 8.2{\%} at 100 mW cm-2 is reported, one of the highest values for N719-based, solid-state, dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSSCs). The solar cells are based on hierarchical double-shell nanostructures consisting of inner SnO2 hollow spheres (SHS) surrounded by outer TiO2 nanosheets (TNSs). Deposition of the TNS on the SHS outer surface is performed via solvothermal reactions in order to generate a double-shell SHS@TNS nanostructure that provides a large surface area and suppresses recombination of photogenerated electrons. An organized mesoporous (OM)-TiO2 film with high porosity, large pores, and good interconnectivity is also prepared via a sol-gel process using a poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) graft copolymer template. This film is utilized as a matrix to disperse the double-shell nanostructures. Such nanostructures provide good pore-filling for solid polymer electrolytes, faster electron transfer, and enhanced light scattering, as confirmed by reflectance spectroscopy, incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE), and intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy (IMPS)/intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy (IMVS). Hierarchical double-shell nanostructures consisting of TiO2 nanosheets on SnO 2 hollow spheres are prepared to provide large surface area, excellent electron transport, and improved light scattering. The resulting solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells show enhanced efficiency up to 8.2{\%} at 100 mW cm-2, one of the highest values observed for N719 dye.",
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Hierarchical double-shell nanostructures of TiO2 nanosheets on SnO2 hollow spheres for high-efficiency, solid-state, dye-sensitized solar cells. / Ahn, Sung Hoon; Kim, Dong Jun; Chi, Won Seok; Kim, Jong Hak.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, No. 32, 27.08.2014, p. 5037-5044.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Hierarchical double-shell nanostructures of TiO2 nanosheets on SnO2 hollow spheres for high-efficiency, solid-state, dye-sensitized solar cells

AU - Ahn, Sung Hoon

AU - Kim, Dong Jun

AU - Chi, Won Seok

AU - Kim, Jong Hak

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AB - A high-energy conversion efficiency of 8.2% at 100 mW cm-2 is reported, one of the highest values for N719-based, solid-state, dye-sensitized solar cells (ssDSSCs). The solar cells are based on hierarchical double-shell nanostructures consisting of inner SnO2 hollow spheres (SHS) surrounded by outer TiO2 nanosheets (TNSs). Deposition of the TNS on the SHS outer surface is performed via solvothermal reactions in order to generate a double-shell SHS@TNS nanostructure that provides a large surface area and suppresses recombination of photogenerated electrons. An organized mesoporous (OM)-TiO2 film with high porosity, large pores, and good interconnectivity is also prepared via a sol-gel process using a poly(vinyl chloride)-g-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate) (PVC-g-POEM) graft copolymer template. This film is utilized as a matrix to disperse the double-shell nanostructures. Such nanostructures provide good pore-filling for solid polymer electrolytes, faster electron transfer, and enhanced light scattering, as confirmed by reflectance spectroscopy, incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency (IPCE), and intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy (IMPS)/intensity-modulated photovoltage spectroscopy (IMVS). Hierarchical double-shell nanostructures consisting of TiO2 nanosheets on SnO 2 hollow spheres are prepared to provide large surface area, excellent electron transport, and improved light scattering. The resulting solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells show enhanced efficiency up to 8.2% at 100 mW cm-2, one of the highest values observed for N719 dye.

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