Hierarchically structured activated carbon for ultracapacitors

Mok Hwa Kim, Kwang Bum Kim, Sun Min Park, Kwang Chul Roh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To resolve the pore-associated bottleneck problem observed in the electrode materials used for ultracapacitors, which inhibits the transport of the electrolyte ions, we designed hierarchically structured activated carbon (HAC) by synthesizing a mesoporous silica template/carbon composite and chemically activating it to simultaneously remove the silica template and increase the pore volume. The resulting HAC had a well-designed, unique porous structure, which allowed for large interfaces for efficient electric double-layer formation. Given the unique characteristics of the HAC, we believe that the developed synthesis strategy provides important insights into the design and fabrication of hierarchical carbon nanostructures. The HAC, which had a specific surface area of 1,957 m2 g-1, exhibited an extremely high specific capacitance of 157 F g-1 (95 F cc-1), as well as a high rate capability. This indicated that it had superior energy storage capability and was thus suitable for use in advanced ultracapacitors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21182
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Feb 16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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