Triphenylene (TP)-based liquid crystals, a category of discotic liquid crystals (DLCs), are easy to synthesise, thermally stable and can undergo self-assembly. A new DLC compound, 2,7,10-tris[4-(6-acryloyloxyhexyloxy)benzoate]-3,6,11-tris[(4-hexylphenyl)ethynyl]-triphenylene, was obtained with a 49% yield using catechol as a starting material and features acetylene groups on its TP core. This material can form films with high birefringence through its cross-linkable acrylate ends. Here, we synthesised this new compound and characterised it using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis. The thermal behaviour was also investigated using differential scanning calorimetry and polarised optical microscopy. This new asymmetric TP-based DLC compound exhibited a nematic liquid-crystalline phase between −20 and 170°C and formed an optical anisotropic film with a high birefringence (Δn = 0.21–0.25).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics