High-capacity and cycling-stable polypyrrole-coated MWCNT@polyimide core-shell nanowire anode for aqueous rechargeable sodium-ion battery

Boyoung Cho, Hana Lim, Ho Nyun Lee, Young Min Park, Hansung Kim, Hyun Jong Kim

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Aqueous rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (ARSBs) have potential applications in large-scale electric energy storage systems because of the non-flammable and fast charge-discharge performance of the aqueous neutral electrolyte as well as low cost and abundance of sodium resources. Herein, we demonstrate polypyrrole-coated MWCNT@polyimide core-shell nanowire based on pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) and 4,4′-oxydianiline (ODA) as a high-capacity and cycling-stable anode material for ARSBs. The as-synthesized MWCNT@polyimide core-shell nanowire exhibits excellent initial discharge capacity as high as 234.9 mA h g−1, which is 83.6% of the theoretical value, owing to the bicontinuous electron/ion transport pathway. During 100 cycles of charge-discharge, however, the considerable swelling of PMDA-ODA polyimide and structural degradation of core-shell structure result in significant deterioration in the performance from 234.9 to 74.6 mAh g−1. In order to improve the cycling stability, conducting polypyrrole is coated on its surface. After 100 charge-discharge cycles, the polypyrrole-coated MWCNT@polyimide core-shell nanowire retains a specific capacity of 209.3 mA h g−1, corresponding to 77.8% of the initial capacity, without any swelling and structural degradation. In impedance study, the changes in the surface and charge transfer resistances during charge-discharge cycles are significantly reduced. As a result, the polypyrrole layer successfully inhibits the structural degradation of the MWCNT@polyimide core-shell nanowire, and consequently improves the cycling performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126797
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by R&D program of Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH) , South Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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