High-capacity nanostructured manganese dioxide cathode for rechargeable magnesium ion batteries

Ju Sik Kim, Won Seok Chang, Ryoung Hee Kim, Dong Young Kim, Dong Wook Han, Kyu Hyoung Lee, Seok Soo Lee, Seok Gwang Doo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanostructured λ-MnO2 and α-MnO2 are investigated for use in rechargeable Mg ion battery (MIB) cathodes. In order to prepare nanosized particles, the manganese dioxides are prepared by the acid treatment of spinel MgMn2O4 synthesized using the Pechini method. X-ray diffraction analysis indicates that the resulting MnO2 consists of multiple phases, λ-MnO2, α-MnO2, and β-MnO2, depending on the leaching time in acid solution. Upon the first charge-discharge cycle in acetonitrile electrolyte, the λ-MnO2 based electrode shows larger reversible capacity of ∼330 mAh g-1 compared to an electrode containing a large amount of α-MnO2. This enhanced capacity is associated with the facile charge-transfer reaction of Mg ions at the MnO2/electrolyte interfaces. The capacity fading of MnO2 in different electrolytes is also discussed in terms of the formation of a surface layer at the electrode/electrolyte interface during the charging process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-215
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume273
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

Fingerprint

dioxides
Magnesium
Electrolytes
Manganese
electric batteries
magnesium
manganese
Cathodes
cathodes
electrolytes
Ions
Electrodes
electrodes
ions
acids
Acids
leaching
fading
Acetonitrile
Discharge (fluid mechanics)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Kim, Ju Sik ; Chang, Won Seok ; Kim, Ryoung Hee ; Kim, Dong Young ; Han, Dong Wook ; Lee, Kyu Hyoung ; Lee, Seok Soo ; Doo, Seok Gwang. / High-capacity nanostructured manganese dioxide cathode for rechargeable magnesium ion batteries. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2015 ; Vol. 273. pp. 210-215.
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High-capacity nanostructured manganese dioxide cathode for rechargeable magnesium ion batteries. / Kim, Ju Sik; Chang, Won Seok; Kim, Ryoung Hee; Kim, Dong Young; Han, Dong Wook; Lee, Kyu Hyoung; Lee, Seok Soo; Doo, Seok Gwang.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 273, 01.01.2015, p. 210-215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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