High-field terahertz response of graphene

M. J. Paul, Y. C. Chang, Z. J. Thompson, A. Stickel, J. Wardini, H. Choi, E. D. Minot, T. B. Norris, Yun Shik Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the response of multi-layer epitaxial graphene and chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown single-layer graphene to strong terahertz (THz) fields. Contrary to theoretical predictions of strong nonlinear response, the transmitted fields exhibit no harmonic generation, indicating that the nonlinear response is limited by fast electron thermalization due to carrier-carrier scattering. The fast electron heating gives rise to large THz transmission enhancement (> 15%) in single-layer CVD graphene at high THz fields (E THz > 10 kV cm-1). The nonlinear effects exhibit non-Drude behavior in the THz conductivity, where THz fields induce extreme non-equilibrium electron distributions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085019
JournalNew Journal of Physics
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Aug 1

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graphene
vapor deposition
electron distribution
harmonic generations
electrons
conductivity
heating
augmentation
predictions
scattering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Paul, M. J., Chang, Y. C., Thompson, Z. J., Stickel, A., Wardini, J., Choi, H., ... Lee, Y. S. (2013). High-field terahertz response of graphene. New Journal of Physics, 15, [085019]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/15/8/085019
Paul, M. J. ; Chang, Y. C. ; Thompson, Z. J. ; Stickel, A. ; Wardini, J. ; Choi, H. ; Minot, E. D. ; Norris, T. B. ; Lee, Yun Shik. / High-field terahertz response of graphene. In: New Journal of Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 15.
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Paul, MJ, Chang, YC, Thompson, ZJ, Stickel, A, Wardini, J, Choi, H, Minot, ED, Norris, TB & Lee, YS 2013, 'High-field terahertz response of graphene', New Journal of Physics, vol. 15, 085019. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/15/8/085019

High-field terahertz response of graphene. / Paul, M. J.; Chang, Y. C.; Thompson, Z. J.; Stickel, A.; Wardini, J.; Choi, H.; Minot, E. D.; Norris, T. B.; Lee, Yun Shik.

In: New Journal of Physics, Vol. 15, 085019, 01.08.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We investigate the response of multi-layer epitaxial graphene and chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown single-layer graphene to strong terahertz (THz) fields. Contrary to theoretical predictions of strong nonlinear response, the transmitted fields exhibit no harmonic generation, indicating that the nonlinear response is limited by fast electron thermalization due to carrier-carrier scattering. The fast electron heating gives rise to large THz transmission enhancement (> 15%) in single-layer CVD graphene at high THz fields (E THz > 10 kV cm-1). The nonlinear effects exhibit non-Drude behavior in the THz conductivity, where THz fields induce extreme non-equilibrium electron distributions.

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Paul MJ, Chang YC, Thompson ZJ, Stickel A, Wardini J, Choi H et al. High-field terahertz response of graphene. New Journal of Physics. 2013 Aug 1;15. 085019. https://doi.org/10.1088/1367-2630/15/8/085019