High malaria prevalence among schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania

Min Jae Kim, Bong Kwang Jung, Jong Yil Chai, Keeseon S. Eom, Tai Soon Yong, Duk Young Min, Julius E. Siza, Godfrey M. Kaatano, Josephat Kuboza, Peter Mnyeshi, John M. Changalucha, Yunsuk Ko, Su Young Chang, Han Jong Rim

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Abstract

In order to determine the status of malaria among schoolchildren on Kome Island (Lake Victoria), near wanza, Tanzania, a total of 244 schoolchildren in 10 primary schools were subjected to a blood survey using the fingerprick method. The subjected schoolchildren were 123 boys and 121 girls who were 6-8 years of age. Only 1 blood smear was prepared for each child. The overall prevalence of malaria was 38.1% (93 positives), and sex difference was not remarkable. However, the positive rate was the highest in Izindabo Primary School (51.4%) followed by Isenyi Primary School (48.3%) and Bugoro Primary School (46.7%). The lowest prevalence was found in Muungano Primary School (16.7%) and Nyamiswi Primary School (16.7%). These differences were highly correlated with the location of the school on the Island; those located in the peripheral area revealed higher prevalences while those located in the central area showed lower prevalences. Plasmodium falciparum was the predominant species (38.1%; 93/244), with a small proportion of them mixed-infected with Plasmodium vivax (1.6%; 4/244). The results revealed that malaria is highly prevalent among primary schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania, and there is an urgent need to control malaria in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-574
Number of pages4
JournalKorean Journal of Parasitology
Volume53
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Kim, M. J., Jung, B. K., Chai, J. Y., Eom, K. S., Yong, T. S., Min, D. Y., Siza, J. E., Kaatano, G. M., Kuboza, J., Mnyeshi, P., Changalucha, J. M., Ko, Y., Chang, S. Y., & Rim, H. J. (2015). High malaria prevalence among schoolchildren on Kome Island, Tanzania. Korean Journal of Parasitology, 53(5), 571-574. https://doi.org/10.3347/kjp.2015.53.5.571