Two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) have attracted considerable attention as promising building blocks for a new generation of gas-sensing devices because of their excellent electrical properties, superior response, flexibility, and low-power consumption. Owing to their large surface-to-volume ratio, various 2D TMDCs, such as MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2, have exhibited excellent gas-sensing characteristics. However, exploration toward the enhancement of TMDC gas-sensing performance has not yet been intensively addressed. Here, we synthesized large-area uniform WS2xSe2-2x alloys for room-temperature gas sensors. As-synthesized WS2xSe2-2x alloys exhibit an elaborative composition control owing to their thermodynamically stable sulfurization process. Further, utilizing uniform WS2xSe2-2x alloys over a large area, we demonstrated improved NO2-sensing performance compared to WSe2 on the basis of an electronic sensitization mechanism. The WS0.96Se1.04 alloy gas sensor exhibits 2.4 times enhanced response for NO2 exposure. Further, we demonstrated a low-power wearable NO2-detecting wristband that operates at room temperature. Our results show that the proposed method is a promising strategy to improve 2D TMDC gas sensors and has a potential for applications in advanced gas-sensing devices.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the following: the Materials and Components Technology Development Program of MOTIE/ KEIT [10080527, Development of commercialization technology of high sensitive gas sensor based on chalcogenide 2D nanomaterial]; and a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (no. NRF-2014R1A2A1A11052588); Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology(no. 2015R1D1A1A01060064).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)