The morphology of perovskite films has a significant impact on luminous characteristics of perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs). To obtain a highly uniform methylammonium lead tribromide (MAPbBr3) film, a gas-assisted crystallization method is introduced with a mixed solution of MAPbBr3 precursor and polymer matrix. The ultrafast evaporation of the solvent causes a high degree of supersaturation which expedites the generation of a large number of nuclei to form a MAPbBr3-polymer composite film with full surface coverage and nano-sized grains. The addition of the polymer matrix significantly affects the optical properties and morphology of MAPbBr3 films. The PeLED made of the MAPbBr3-polymer composite film exhibits an outstanding device performance of a maximum luminance of 6800 cd·m-2 and a maximum current efficiency of 1.12 cd·A-1. Furthermore, 1 cm2 area pixel of PeLED displays full coverage of a strong green electroluminescence, implying that the high-quality perovskite film can be useful for large-area applications in perovskite-based optoelectronic devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)