High-performance membrane-electrode assembly with an optimal polytetrafluoroethylene content for high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

Gisu Jeong, Minjoong Kim, Junyoung Han, Hyoung Juhn Kim, Yong Gun Shul, Eunae Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs) have a high carbon monoxide tolerance and allow for efficient water management, their practical applications are limited due to their lower performance than conventional low-temperature PEMFCs. Herein, we present a high-performance membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) with an optimal polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) content for HT-PEMFCs. Low or excess PTFE content in the electrode leads to an inefficient electrolyte distribution or severe catalyst agglomeration, respectively, which hinder the formation of triple phase boundaries in the electrodes and result in low performance. MEAs with PTFE content of 20 wt% have an optimal pore structure for the efficient formation of electrolyte/catalyst interfaces and gas channels, which leads to high cell performance of approximately 0.5 A cm-2 at 0.6 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-146
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume323
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the New & Renewable Energy Core Technology Programs of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) ( 20143030031340 and 20153030040910 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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