We report high-performance mixed-matrix membranes (MMMs) based on amine-functionalized UiO-66 (UiO-66-NH2) nanoparticles dispersed in a poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-poly(oxyethylene methacrylate)) (PGMA-co-POEM) comb-like copolymer synthesized via low-cost free-radical polymerization. Owing to its adhesive properties and good film-forming ability, PGMA-co-POEM allows the MMMs to be fabricated as ultrathin film composite membranes without voids or defects. Additionally, the formation of covalent bonds between the copolymer and UiO-66-NH2 particles via an epoxide-amine reaction improves their interfacial compatibility. As the loading of UiO-66-NH2 fillers increases, a dual transport pathway is formed in the MMMs, significantly increasing the gas permeance. The physicochemical properties and gas separation performance of the MMMs are systematically investigated with respect to the filler loading. A MMM containing 28.6 wt% UiO-66-NH2 nanoparticles exhibits a CO2 permeance of 488 GPU (958% increase compared with a neat PGMA-co-POEM membrane) with a moderate CO2/N2 selectivity of 31.9. By reducing the thickness of the selective layer to <100 nm, the CO2 permeance is enhanced to 1320 GPU without any significant loss of selectivity (30.8), which exceeds the target performance required for practical application in the post-combustion CO2-capture process.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Next Generation Carbon Upcycling Project (NRF-2017M1A2A2043448) from the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Korea funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Republic of Korea.
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)