The present study investigates the effect of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on atomic diffusion processes in the metal matrix, by comparing growth kinetics of interfacial phases in Al-Cu and Al/MWCNT-Cu diffusion couples. Multiple intermetallic layers such as Al2Cu, AlCu, Al3Cu4, Al2Cu3, and Al4Cu9 are formed at the interface between Al and Cu during heat treatment of an Al/Cu diffusion couple at 530°C. For the diffusion couple of ultrafine-grained Al and cast Cu, the growth rate of intermetallic layers is comparable with theoretical expectations based on Fick's second law. On the other hand, MWCNTs significantly restrict the diffusion of Al atoms in the composite because the atoms tend to detour around the long tube for diffusion, particularly when MWCNTs are oriented perpendicular to the atomic diffusion path. This accelerates the growth of voids at the contact interface of the diffusion couple during heat treatment.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (2009-0093814 and 2013R1A1A3005759). This study was also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean Government (2012K1A3A1A30054894).
© The Author(s) 2014.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry