Highly active and stable Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d in dry reforming for hydrogen production

Ghun Sik Kim, Byung Yong Lee, Hyung Chul Ham, Jonghee Han, Suk Woo Nam, Jooho Moon, Sung Pil Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biofuels such as sewage gas and landfill gas, which can be used as fuels in solid oxide fuel cells, have suitable composition of CH 4 and CO 2 for dry reforming. We developed an Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d material as an anode for solid oxide fuel cells that use biofuels as a direct fuel and show an excellent performance in dry reforming. The Pechini method was used to synthesize the material using ruthenium substitution in the titanium site of an Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 TiO 3−d (SYT) material. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed that the perovskite phase of the synthesized catalyst was maintained. Ruthenium-loaded catalysts were prepared by coprecipitating ruthenium onto SYT to compare with the Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d . The differences between Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d and ruthenium-loaded SYT materials during methane dry reforming and the thermal stability during long-term operation were evaluated. In particular, SYTRu10 exhibited higher methane conversion and carbon dioxide conversion than Ru10-loaded SYT at the temperature range of 600–900 °C and stable performance even in long-term operation. X-ray fluorescence and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller measurements were performed to measure the composition of the catalysts and the specific surface area, pore size, and pore volume of the catalysts. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and temperature-programmed reduction were used to investigate the state and behavior of ruthenium. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy was performed to analyze the shape of the catalyst before and after the reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-212
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

hydrogen production
Reforming reactions
Hydrogen production
Ruthenium
ruthenium
catalysts
Catalysts
Biofuels
solid oxide fuel cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Methane
methane
landfills
porosity
sewage
x rays
Sewage
Land fill
Chemical analysis
dioxides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Kim, Ghun Sik ; Lee, Byung Yong ; Ham, Hyung Chul ; Han, Jonghee ; Nam, Suk Woo ; Moon, Jooho ; Yoon, Sung Pil. / Highly active and stable Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d in dry reforming for hydrogen production In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2019 ; pp. 202-212.
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abstract = "Biofuels such as sewage gas and landfill gas, which can be used as fuels in solid oxide fuel cells, have suitable composition of CH 4 and CO 2 for dry reforming. We developed an Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d material as an anode for solid oxide fuel cells that use biofuels as a direct fuel and show an excellent performance in dry reforming. The Pechini method was used to synthesize the material using ruthenium substitution in the titanium site of an Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 TiO 3−d (SYT) material. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed that the perovskite phase of the synthesized catalyst was maintained. Ruthenium-loaded catalysts were prepared by coprecipitating ruthenium onto SYT to compare with the Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d . The differences between Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d and ruthenium-loaded SYT materials during methane dry reforming and the thermal stability during long-term operation were evaluated. In particular, SYTRu10 exhibited higher methane conversion and carbon dioxide conversion than Ru10-loaded SYT at the temperature range of 600–900 °C and stable performance even in long-term operation. X-ray fluorescence and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller measurements were performed to measure the composition of the catalysts and the specific surface area, pore size, and pore volume of the catalysts. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and temperature-programmed reduction were used to investigate the state and behavior of ruthenium. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy was performed to analyze the shape of the catalyst before and after the reaction.",
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Highly active and stable Sr 0.92 Y 0.08 Ti 1−x Ru x O 3−d in dry reforming for hydrogen production . / Kim, Ghun Sik; Lee, Byung Yong; Ham, Hyung Chul; Han, Jonghee; Nam, Suk Woo; Moon, Jooho; Yoon, Sung Pil.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 01.01.2019, p. 202-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Ghun Sik

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AU - Ham, Hyung Chul

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AU - Nam, Suk Woo

AU - Moon, Jooho

AU - Yoon, Sung Pil

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