We propose a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a slotted porous core and elliptical-hole cladding, for high birefringence in the terahertz regime. Asymmetry in the guided mode is obtained mainly by using arrays of elliptical air holes in the TOPAS® polymer cladding. We investigate the tradeoff between several structural parameters and find optimized values that can have a high birefringence while satisfying the single-mode condition. The optical properties in the terahertz regime are thoroughly analyzed in numerical simulations, using a full-vector finite-element method with the perfectly-matched-layer condition. In an optimal design, the proposed photonic crystal fiber shows a high birefringence of 8.80 × 10−2 and an effective material loss of 0.07 cm−1 at a frequency of 1 THz, satisfying the single-mode-guidance condition at the same time. The proposed PCF would be useful for various polarization-management applications in the terahertz range.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Current Optics and Photonics|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Apr|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF 2018R1D-1A1B07049349); National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF 2019R1A2C2011293).
© 2022 Current Optics and Photonics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics