Highly efficient optical quantum memory with long coherence time in cold atoms

Y. W. Cho, G. T. Campbell, J. L. Everett, J. Bernu, D. B. Higginbottom, M. T. Cao, J. Geng, N. P. Robins, P. K. Lam, B. C. Buchler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optical quantum memory is an essential element for long-distance quantum communication and photonic quantum computation protocols. The practical implementation of such protocols requires an efficient quantum memory with a long coherence time. Beating the no-cloning limit, for example, requires efficiencies above 50%. An ideal optical fiber loop has a loss of 50% in 100 μs, and until now no universal quantum memory has beaten this time efficiency limit. Here, we report results of a gradient echo memory experiment in a cold atomic ensemble with a 1∕e coherence time up to 1 ms and maximum efficiency up to 87%_ 2%for short storage times. Our experimental data demonstrate greater than 50% efficiency for storage times up to 0.6 ms. Quantum storage ability is verified beyond the ideal fiber limit using heterodyne tomography of small coherent states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-107
Number of pages8
JournalOptica
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Optical Society of America.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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