A negative impedance converter (NIC) has been combined with a wireless power transfer (WPT) system to maximize the system efficiency based on non-foster theory. The NIC is composed of transistor, voltage divider, capacitor, and inductor for impedance matching, and resonant circuit operating at 6.78 MHz. The desired negative impedance can be controlled by tunable impedance in the NIC. In this paper, the loss of the transmitting coil is reduced to 0.1 Ω, yielding a quality factor of 7,050, which is 19.1 times higher than that of the conventional coil. The WPT system with the NIC provides high power transfer efficiency (PTE) at various transmission distances. The experimental results are improved from 64% to 96% and from 5% to 55% at the transmission distances of 50 and 200 mm, respectively. Furthermore, the PTE is enhanced from 38% to 87% and from 2% to 38% at the diagonal misalignment distance of 0 and 150 mm, respectively, at a transmission distance of 100 mm. The proposed technology for increasing the receiving power in the receiving coil with a higher PTE can be utilized for numerous applications in the industrial, scientific, and medical band, with a restricted radio frequency power on the transmitter side.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)