Highly robust silicon nanowire/graphene core-shell electrodes without polymeric binders

Sang Eon Lee, Han Jung Kim, Hwanjin Kim, Jong Hyeok Park, Dae Geun Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A large theoretical charge storage capacity along with a low discharge working potential renders silicon a promising anode material for high energy density lithium ion batteries. However, up to 400% volume expansion during charge-discharge cycling coupled with a low intrinsic electronic conductivity causes pulverization and fracture, thus inhibiting silicon's widespread use in practical applications. We report herein on a low cost approach to fabricate hybrid silicon nanowire (SiNW)/graphene nanostructures that exhibit enhanced cycle performance with the capability of retaining more than 90% of their initial capacity after 50 cycles. We also demonstrate the use of hot-pressing in the absence of any common polymer binder such as PVDF to bind the hybrid structure to the current collector. The applied heat and pressure ensure strong adhesion between the SiNW/graphene nano-composite and current collector. This facile yet strong binding method is expected to find use in the further development of polymer-binder free anodes for lithium ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8986-8991
Number of pages6
JournalNanoscale
Volume5
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 7

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Graphite
Silicon
Graphene
Nanowires
Binders
Electrodes
Anodes
Polymers
Hot pressing
Nanostructures
Adhesion
Composite materials
Costs
Lithium-ion batteries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Lee, Sang Eon ; Kim, Han Jung ; Kim, Hwanjin ; Park, Jong Hyeok ; Choi, Dae Geun. / Highly robust silicon nanowire/graphene core-shell electrodes without polymeric binders. In: Nanoscale. 2013 ; Vol. 5, No. 19. pp. 8986-8991.
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Highly robust silicon nanowire/graphene core-shell electrodes without polymeric binders. / Lee, Sang Eon; Kim, Han Jung; Kim, Hwanjin; Park, Jong Hyeok; Choi, Dae Geun.

In: Nanoscale, Vol. 5, No. 19, 07.10.2013, p. 8986-8991.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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