Abstract In this paper, we report a dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) gas sensor using synthesized Al-doped ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) via a hydrothermal method. The average particle size of the Al-doped ZnO NPs is ∼25 nm. The single crystalline phase was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analyses. The variation in the response of the Al-doped ZnO NP sensors within operating temperatures showed the highest response and recovery at 2 and 96 s, respectively, at 10 ppm in DMMP at 350°C compared with undoped ZnO NP sensors. Our results showed remarkable sensitivity and selectivity of the Al-doped ZnO NPs sensor toward DMMP. Such increased O2 vacancies and surface reactions with small nanocrystals in the Al-doped ZnO NP sensors offer outstanding sensing performance for DMMP detection.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Agency for Defense Development (ADD) of the Republic of Korea and Priority Research Centers Program ( 2009-0093823 ) through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF).
© 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry