Highly sensitive in situ-synthesized cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanowires (NWs) for the detection of chemiluminescence in immunoassays with a photoresist (PR) layer to stabilize the CdS NWs before and after coating with a parylene film were developed. The thickness of the PR layer was controlled by adjusting the viscosity of the PR solution used for spin-coating. PR2005 was the optimal PR for passivation of the NW surface. After the addition of a parylene coating on the CdS NWs, the photocurrent increased by as much as 50% over a broad range of light intensities, and the additional PR layer increased the photoresponse over the whole range of light intensities. When the photoresponses of the CdS NWs with and without the parylene film were compared after the addition of a PR layer, significant differences were observed in the photocurrent behavior after the incident light was turned off. For the CdS NWs with a parylene film and PR layer, the photocurrent reached the baseline within milliseconds of the incident light being turned off. However, the CdS NWs without a parylene film but with a PR layer required >60 s to reach the baseline level. This difference was due to the capacitance arising from the contact between the NWs. The in situ-synthesized CdS NW photosensor passivated by the parylene film and a PR layer was used in a chemiluminescence-based immunoassay. Finally, the detection of human immunodeficiency virus antibodies was demonstrated via a chemiluminescent enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on the CdS NW photosensor in comparison with the optical-density measurement for the chromogenic reaction of TMB(3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology